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Tuesday, 28 May 2013

Were Joseph and Imhotep of Egypt The Same Man?


Gen 50:24  And Joseph said unto his brethren, I die: and God will surely visit you, and bring you out of this land unto the land which he sware to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob. 
Gen 50:25  And Joseph took an oath of the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you, and ye shall carry up my bones from hence. 

The Egyptians never ever found the body of Joseph/Imhotep when he died as the only place that tells you what happened to his bones is in the scriptures!





THE GENESIS OF ISRAEL AND EGYPT
By Emmet Sweeny, 2001 (2nd ed.)
INTRODUCTION
One of the perennial ambitions of Christian Europeans, throughout the centuries, has been the verification of the Bible. Beginning with Eusebius, in the 4th century, Christian writers sought to enlist the histories of Mesopotamia and Egypt to answer the attacks of those who viewed the Old Testament as fable or, even worse, as propaganda.
In this spirit Eusebius, employing the Egyptian history of the Ptolemaic scholar Manetho, constructed a chronology for Egypt based on biblical timescales. Thus for example he followed earlier Jewish commentators in tying in the start of Egyptian history with the start of Hebrew history.
Joseph
Imhotep
Second in command underPharoah
Second in command underPharoah Djoser
Lived to be 110 years of age
Lived to be 110 years of age
Great architect and builder
Great architect and builder
Stored up corn during 7 yrs of plenty
Stored up corn during 7 yrs of plenty
Saw seven years of famine - fed people
Saw seven years of famine - fed people
Interpreter of dreams
Interpreter of dreams
Built pyramids & palaces
Built the Step Pyramid & palaces
Zaphnath-paaneah- Over physicians
Was a physician
Instituted a income tax of one fifth
Instituted a income tax of one fifth
Married into the Priesthood of On
Married into the Priesthood of On
Knowledge of astrology 
Knowledge of astrology
Coat of many breadths/colors (pas) =wide tunic)
--------------
Became an educated man
A poet and educated medical writer 
Overseer of public works
Overseer of public works
Legendary history
Legendary history
Name means to add, increase, to join or gather together
Name means the one who comes in peace
 Was one of twelve siblings
Was one of twelve siblings)









.



Such endeavours made the Ramesside Pharaohs contemporary with the Exodus supposedly in the 14th or 15th century BC and identified Menes, the first pharaoh, with Adam; thereby making Egyptian civilization commence around 4,000 or 5,000 BC.



Over the centuries, Eusebius Egyptian system became the traditional chronology for the Kingdom of the Nile, and, incredibly enough (though few contemporary Egyptologists are aware of it), it still forms the basis of our understanding of that history.

With the translation of the hieroglyphs in the years following 1821, it was confidently expected that biblical history would shortly receive dramatic confirmation. It was hoped that archaeology might soon disclose Egyptian references to the great characters and events mentioned in the Bible. But such hopes were soon dashed, as it became apparent that the native literature of Egypt was remarkably silent with regard to their closest neighbours.
Various attempts, it is true, were made over the next century to link specific pharaohs to the great events of Old Testament history; but virtually all such endeavours came to grief, and eventually the whole idea was abandoned.

In time it was to be suggested that all such identifications were impossible, since the characters mentioned in the Bible Abraham, Jacob, Joseph, Moses and the rest  were not the great men that the scriptural sources implied.

Indeed, if they existed at all, they must have been minor figures whom the Egyptians had not thought worth mentioning. This opinion gradually took root among scholars, and soon it became the new orthodoxy. Any attempt now made to find proof for the Bible (especially Genesis) in archaeology is immediately consigned to the realms of the lunatic fringe. Quite simply, such work is not taken seriously.

But there have been dissenting voices. An academic storm was raised during the 1950s by the work of Immanuel Velikovsky, who argued that the catastrophic events described so vividly in the Old Testament (ie. the Deluge, Sodom and Gomorrah, the Exodus etc.) did actually occur, and occurred very much as they were described.

Velikovsky held that the last of these events, the Exodus, which touched directly on Egypt, was in fact a major landmark in Egyptian history. He demonstrated quite convincingly that this event was recorded by the Egyptians, and showed that modern scholars had missed the identification because they had fundamentally misunderstood that the nature of the events described in the Book of Exodus.
The catastrophist position adopted by Velikovsky brought to light an enormous distortion in ancient chronology. These momentous events were effectively effaced from the history books because an erroneous and virtually arbitrary chronology, based on Eusebius working of Manetho, had been accepted by modern scholarship. (The great irony here, of course, is that this distorted chronology had originally been designed to prove the Book of Genesis right!)
The histories of the other ancient lands, Velikovsky showed, had then been reconstructed in line with the distorted Egyptian chronology. This modern history of the ancient world had virtually no point of contact with the biblical and classical histories, and clashed repeatedly with them.
The present writer holds with Velikovskys catastrophist analysis; and the book which follows is largely an attempt to show that when we accept the catastrophist framework all the elements of the puzzle fit into place. The earliest part of Hebrew history, we will find, can indeed be reconciled  and in a most spectacular way  with early Egyptian history. The central theme of my work is thus the parallel origins of two neighbouring and closely related lands. The histories of Israel and Egypt were intertwined at the very beginning, and the association established then continued unbroken for many centuries.
Thus I begin by seeking to establish a link between the histories of the two peoples. Chapter 1 is concerned with an examination of the first and greatest of all biblical events, the Deluge of Noah. We find that archaeologists working in different parts of the world discovered abundant evidence of cataclysmic destruction in ancient times, consistent with the action of flood waters.

However, there was insufficient academic collaboration across disciplines, and even then the appearance on the scene of the myopic over-specialisation that has caused such problems in our own time.

The result was that destruction episodes, which were in fact contemporary, were placed centuries apart by scholars using different methods and procedures.

Thus the great flood discovered by Leonard Woolley at Ur in Mesopotamia was deemed to be a local event, since destruction levels in Syria and elsewhere, which were in fact contemporary, were placed a thousand years later by scholars who had not paid sufficient attention to Woolley�s work.

In this way the true nature and scale of the Flood of Ur was disguised, and a totally distorted view of ancient history, which denied the Deluges reported by all ancient peoples, was pieced together.
.......Having thus linked Abraham and Menes, we are presented with an entirely new and unexpected view of ancient times. We now find the histories of archaic Israel and Egypt fitting together like matching pieces of a jigsaw.
The next match comes with Joseph and Imhotep. Egyptian tradition tells us that two centuries or so after Menes there lived a great pharaoh named Djoser (the Wise), whose vizier, Imhotep, was regarded as the greatest of all Egyptian sages.
Djoser and Imhotep, the legend says, lived during a famine lasting seven years, and it was a dream of the kings that provided Imhotep with the clue to solving the crisis. Similarly, Hebrew history tells us that two centuries or so after Abraham there lived Joseph, the great seer and visionary, who became pharaohs vizier, and helped solve the crisis of a seven-year famine by interpreting the kings dreams.
Historians, of course, have long been aware of the striking resemblances between Imhotep and Joseph, and a great deal has been written on the subject. They would undoubtedly have realised the identity of the two men a long time ago, but the erroneous chronology, which separated them by over a thousand years, confused the issue.
......it is to Immanuel Velikovsky that the present work owes most. Velikovskys brilliant exposition of the contradictions inherent in ancient chronology is the key that has unlocked the secrets of antiquity. In Ages in Chaos (1952), he proposed a complete reconstruction of later Egyptian history, beginning with the Exodus, which he believed to date from the fall of the Middle Kingdom. It is largely under the inspiration of Ages in Chaos that the present work seeks to reconstruct the earlier part of Egyptian history. Velikovsky began with the Exodus; we end with the same event......
KING DJOSER AND HIS TIME
Who Was King Djoser?
Having placed the founding of Egyptian civilisation in the same epoch as the biblical Abraham, and therefore having fixed the start of Egypts and Israels legendary history at the same point in time  the 11th century BC.  we must now attempt a reconstruction of the two histories along the new chronological lines. If we are on the right track, we might expect the histories of the two neighbouring peoples, which have hitherto shown few signs of agreement, to match closely.
Hebrew tradition tells us how two centuries or so after Abraham, the patriarchs tribe was settled in Canaan, where his grandson Jacob was blessed with twelve sons. One of these, Joseph, the youngest and favourite, aroused his brothers jealously, was sold as a slave and taken into Egypt. In Egypt his fortunes improved dramatically when his ability to interpret dreams came to the notice of the pharaoh.
He soon became the kings most trusted advisor and brought the entire Israelite tribe into Egypt during a momentous famine. Joseph was thus an exceptional person whose life-story became a symbol of how God could raise the lowly from the dungheap. No less than a quarter of the Book of Genesis is devoted to him.

Now we ask ourselves, did the Egyptians remember Joseph, or does Egyptian tradition know of any character whom we could possibly identify with him? More specifically, does Egyptian tradition of the Early Dynastic period know of anyone identifiable with Joseph? The answer is a resounding yes!

It so happens that two centuries or so after the establishment of the united kingdom under Menes there lived the greatest sage of Egypts history: this was Imhotep, the godlike vizier of King Djoser.
Before looking at the truly remarkable parallels between Joseph and Imhotep, we need first to say something about Djoser; for he was accorded a place in Egyptian tradition almost as important as that of Imhotep himself.
Djoser, or Zoser, the second king of Manethos Third Dynasty, occurs in the monuments under the title Netjerkhet. The name Djoser, which means The Wise, was only conferred upon him long after his death. Much scholarly debate has centred round Djoser. He is, for example, commonly believed to have been the first Early Dynastic pharaoh to erect a pyramid.
As we have shown in Chapter 1 this notion is mistaken. Nevertheless, he was certainly the first pharaoh to erect a pyramid or large monument of stone. The design of the Sakkara Step Pyramids adjacent temple complex, in particular, provides ample proof of this. Columns are shaped in imitation of reed bundles and ceilings in imitation of palm logs. Doors are provided with imitation hinges.
Yet, as with almost all other areas of Egyptian history, the Step Pyramid and temples of Sakkara present numerous difficulties for conventional chronology. It has long been observed, for example, that the temple complex seems to display a number of very modern-looking features, and to this day visitors are immediately struck by the proto-Doric columns of the temple hall.
Furthermore, the mineralogist John Dayton has now demonstrated that the glazing work found in these monuments is unlikely to have predated by any great stretch of time the eighth or seventh century BC.; he accordingly dated the entire complex to the eighth century.
As it transpires, this date concurs reasonably well with the evidence of the well-known Khnumibre genealogy. In the inscription, Khnumibre, an architect under one of the earlier Persian kings, listed his ancestors, father to son, stretching back twenty-five generations. The second earliest name on the list is given as Imhotep, with Djoser as the reigning king.
It is clear then that the genealogy separates Khnumibre, who must be dated around 450 BC., from Imhotep by twenty-four generations. Allowing twenty to twenty-five years per generation, which, given the habitually early marriages and deaths of ancient peoples, is rather generous, we would be obliged to locate Djoser and Imhotep sometime between 1075 and 930 BC.  a date not too far removed from that suggested by Dayton on the evidence of Third Dynasty technology, and precisely in agreement with the chronology proposed by us, which would place the founding of the First Dynasty around 1100 BC.; but of course vastly different from the date of c.2600 BC. normally accorded to Djoser by conventional Egyptology.
Early scholarship was greatly nonplussed by the evidence of Khnumibres genealogy, but because it clashed so decisively with the established chronology, it was soon dismissed as symbolic and lacking historical substance.
Egyptians of later years came to regard Djosers reign as something of a golden age, and the pharaoh himself was accredited with almost godlike powers. Above all, he was regarded as a paragon of wisdom (as evinced by the name Djoser). His cult grew and grew, and by the Saite period (26th Dynasty) he was already deified. He was, in the words of one commentator, viewed both as a patron of literature and a physician of such eminence that he came to be identified with Asklepios, the Greek god of medicine.
In after years he was remembered with reverence as one of the greatest of the early Pharaohs  on one of the votive tablets of the Apis worshippers of the Twenty-Second Dynasty, reverence is done to his name; we read of a priest of his spirit named Sonbf, and another, Ahmose, in the Twenty-Sixth Dynasty.
Djoser then had a priesthood dedicated to him and was invoked as a god centuries after his death. What could have prompted such adulation? The explanation normally given is that as the first pharaoh to leave great monuments of stone, later generations would naturally have been impressed by him. His monuments guaranteed his immortality.

There is no doubt a certain amount of the truth in this explanation; but it does not cover everything. For Djosers reputation was enhanced by that of his vizier, the godlike Imhotep. This man was, as we shall see, regarded as Egypts greatest ever seer and interpreter of dreams.

He is also normally accredited with designing the great structures at Sakkara. Acting together, these two exceptional figures were believed to have shaped the course of Egyptian civilisation in a unique way, and, it was said, they saved the country from a well-remembered and potentially devastating famine.

Djoser and the Seven Years� Famine
Egyptian tradition recorded a great famine lasting seven years. This disaster was said to have occurred during the reign of Djoser, and from the story of this event we may come to understand exactly why pharaoh Netjerkhet was called The Wise.
The only account of the seven years famine to survive is on a rock-cut inscription near Aswan, which dates from a very late period  possibly from the reign of Ptolemy V (Epiphanes), who lived in the first century BC. The inscription records the famine as an historical fact, placing it in the eighteenth year of Djoser.
Indeed the inscription purports to date from Djosers time, though this is generally dismissed. Nevertheless, it may well be a copy (with of course updated spellings) of an extremely ancient record. We are told that during Djosers reign Egypt found itself in a great crisis. The pharaoh bewails his lot:
I was in distress on the Great Throne, and those who are in the palace were in hearts affliction from a very great evil, since the Nile had not come in my time for a space of seven years. Grain was scant, fruits were dried up, and everything which they eat was short.
.....Djosers famine, of course, closely resembles the other from ancient tradition, that of Joseph the Hebrew. Virtually all the elements in the Egyptian account are there, though in a different order. In Josephs tale, the pharaohs dream comes first, although both legends agree that the dreams interpretation provided the key to alleviating the famine.
Again the Egyptian story has the wise seer Imhotep assist the king in dealing with the famine, and it is obvious that Imhoteps role closely resembles that of Joseph in the Genesis story.
In addition, the nature of the god Khnum is here significant. In early times, the ram-headed divinity had been one of the foremost in Egypt. He was regarded as the creator god, and was portrayed, in biblical style, fashioning mankind upon the potters wheel.
Khnum was indeed viewed very much as the Old Testament Spirit of God, a fact that induced some scholars to regard the whole cult of Khnum as influential in the development of Hebrew religious ideas.
Scholars were not slow to associate Djosers famine of seven years with that of Joseph, and they would undoubtedly have made the connection between Imhotep and Joseph, Djoser and Josephs pharaoh, had it not been for the chronological discrepancy. Djoser was supposed to have reigned around 2600 BC., whereas according to biblical chronology, Joseph would have lived around 1700 BC.  yet again, that gap of 1000 years.
Scholars had therefore to content themselves with vague connections between the two legends. Some argued that the story of Joseph had influenced the Egyptian tale, whilst others argued that the Genesis account was influenced by the Egyptian story.
The best-known proponent of the latter argument was Brugsch. Such ideas held good only if the conventional chronology was correct. However, we now see that such is not the case, and that Djoser, as well as Joseph, must both belong in the early part, probably the tenth century, of the first millennium.
Could it be then that Djoser is indeed Josephs pharaoh, and that Imhotep, the great seer who advised Djoser on the seven years famine, is none other than Joseph? Before making a final pronouncement, let us briefly take a closer look at the life and character of Joseph, as they are revealed in the Genesis account.
The Story of Joseph
The story of Joseph, one of the best-known and best-loved of the Old Testament, occupies almost a quarter of the Book of Genesis. That fact alone illustrates the importance of Joseph to Israels early history. He it was who brought the Twelve Tribes to Egypt, where in time they would grow to nationhood.
Yet the story outlined in Genesis reveals the importance of Joseph not only to the history of Israel, but also to the history of Egypt, and furthermore illustrates the thoroughly Egyptian background to the entire episode.
...In harmony with all this, though puzzling in its own way, is the astonishing amount of Egyptian influence now recognised as present in the Joseph narrative. The terms and idioms used are Egyptian through and through. Indeed such is the resemblance to Egyptian phraseology and custom that that some scholars now regard these chapters of Genesis as based on an Egyptian record.
One such commentator is the Israeli Egyptologist A.S. Yahuda, a man whose work we shall examine in greater detail at a later stage. Yahuda wondered at the superabundance of Egyptian terms, phrases, metaphors and loan-words present throughout Genesis, remarking on their comparative absence from later books of the Old Testament. Some examples provided by Yahuda are as follows:
Jospehs appointment as vizier was the kernel of the story, according to Yahuda. For this office, a Hebrew word with a root which has the meaning to do twice, to repeat, to double is used. Yahuda explained that in the same way the Egyptian word sn.nw (deputy) was formed from sn, the word for two. In the same verse, pharaoh commands all to bow the knee before Joseph. The Hebrew word for bow is agreed by most authorities to have been taken from the Egyptian.
Joseph was titled father to pharaoh, and, as Yahuda says, the Hebrew expression corresponds with the Egyptian itf, father, a common priestly title, and one borne by viziers. At the start of his conversation with Joseph, pharaoh says: I have had a dream  I have heard that you understand a dream to interpret it (Gen.41:15).
For understand the Hebrew uses the verb to hear. This term has proved very difficult for commentators, but, according to Yahuda, it corresponds entirely with the Egyptian use of sdm meaning to hear or to understand.
Another problem for commentators has been the sentence of Gen. 41:40, where pharaoh says literally to Joseph: According to your mouth shall my people kiss. The verb to kiss here has always seemed completely out of place. However, when we compare it with the Egyptian, kiss proves to be a correct and thoroughly exact reproduction if what the narrator really meant to convey.
Here an expression is rendered in Hebrew from a metaphorical one used in polished speech among the Egyptians.6 In polished speech the Egyptians spoke of sn, kissing the food, rather than the ordinary colloquial wnrn which meant eating.
In the Joseph story pharaoh is addressed in the third person, eg. Gen. 41:34 Let Pharaoh do this. According to Yahuda this corresponds precisely to the court etiquette of Egypt. A characteristic term recurring in several passages of Genesis is in the face of Pharaoh, or from the face of Pharaoh, meaning before pharaoh.
This, says Yahuda, corresponds completely with Egyptian court custom, where one might not speak to his majesty to his fac, but only in the face of his majesty (m hr hm-f).7 Again, in the Joseph narrative, the word lord, in reference either to pharaoh or Joseph, is given in the plural. This corresponds exactly with Egyptian usage where pharaoh, as well as being referred to as nb (lord), is also spoken of as nb.wy in the plural.
These instances are only a small sample of the evidence mustered by Yahuda, but they illustrate very clearly the profoundly Egyptian background to the whole story. Indeed, as we have said, so strong is the evidence that some commentators have suggested an Egyptian original of the narrative which Hebrew scribes more or less copied.
In short, when the Israelites came to write down the story of Joseph, they borrowed heavily on what the Egyptians themselves had written about him. None of this should surprise us. Genesis tells us quite clearly that Joseph was a major personality. He became the kings vizier. He brought Asiatics into Egypt.
He presided over a social/political revolution. According to Genesis (47:22), the land of Egypt changed hands during his lifetime: Pharaoh became absolute master of the kingdom. But on top of all that Joseph was most extraordinarily a seer, a prophet, a visionary. Such a man, we would imagine, could not have been forgotten by the Egyptians.
Having stated all this, we now find that Joseph, coming just a few generations after the time of the Abraham migration, would have lived in roughly the same era as The Wise King Djoser and the wise seer Imhotep. It thus begins to look more and more clear that Joseph and Imhotep, the two great sages, were identical persons, and that Josephs wise king was The Wise Djoser....

The Synagogue of Satan


Islam and Slavery-The Truth!!!


Sunday, 19 May 2013

The Vatican and Islam!!



Fire devours before them, and behind them a flame burns.The land is like the garden of Eden before them, but behind them a desolate wilderness, and nothing escapes them (Joel 2:3). 

This Scripture is describing the Muslim invasion and destruction of North Africa.

By 300 AD, North Africa was the most important province of the Roman Empire and was teeming with cities:
By the third century, there were five or six hundred cities. Two hundred of them were in the rich farmlands of northern Tunisia. In places there were no more than six or eight miles apart, and in the valley of the River Bagradas (Medjerda) there was almost a kind of ribbon development along the main road from Carthage to Theveste (Tebessa). (Raven, Rome in Africa, p. 101).


Carthage—the second largest city in the western Roman Empire—was the center of the Roman province of Africa and a major breadbasket of the Empire.




     
Christian North Africa circa 300 AD.                             Carthage was the main city in Roman North Africa. 

Christian North Africa had millions of Christians, and Carthage was the most important city, with a population of over 500,000. 

By 300 A.D., Christianity was the dominant religion in North Africa as paganism was just about to be completely overthrown:


By this time Christianity had taken a firm hold in North Africa. The Church had survived persecution under Severus, Decius, and Valerian, and was ceasing to be the religion of a poor minority. In contrast to the emptiness of pagan literature of this period there were the vigorous works of Cyprian, Arnobius, and Lactantius. The Church was making its impact felt on all classes and in the farthest corners of the Roman provinces in Africa. (Frend, The Donatist Church, p. 3)


Naturally, the Roman Emperors were insanely jealous that more and more people were not worshipping them as divinities.


In 303, the last great Empire wide pagan persecution began and North African Christians were ordered to hand over the Scriptures to be burned.


This last pagan persecution was in the planning stage for at least 40 years prior to 300 A.D., as a very friendly ecumenical mood prevailed among the pagans:


In the Roman cities the Emperor's orders appear to have been carried out firmly but not without tact. For the previous forty years Christians and pagans had lived side by side in relative peace. The Church had become almost an established institution. At Cirta (modern Constantine), the capital of the province of Numidia Cirtensis, the magistrate told Bishop Paulus to produce the lectors who were responsible for looking after the Scriptures. The reply was 'Everybody knows them'. At Apthungi (modern Henchir Souar, in Tunisia), the chief magistrate, the Duumvir Alfius Caecilianus, and the bishop Felix appear to have been on friendly terms, and indeed the official did not know of the existence of the Emperor's edict until he was told it by the Christians themselves. (Frend, The Donatist Church, p. 4).


The main target of the pagans was the New New Covenant . . . and the histories of Christ....All of the great books portraying the Mount of Olives as the site of the Resurrection were systematically destroyed.




Emperor Diocletian (245-311).Reigned from 284 to 305.







Roman Emperors Diocletian and Galerius ordered all the Christians in North Africa to hand over the Scriptures for burning.


They were also ordered to burn incense to the statues of the Caesars.


Many refused to give up the Scriptures and worship Caesar, so Christian blood flowed like a river.




Emperor Galerius 302-311.
Reigned from 305-311.



British born Emperor Constantine began his career of conquest from York, England.
Constantinean "Christianity" began in 313 AD


The last great persecution ended when Constantine became Emperor of the West. Together with Emperor Licinius, he issued an edict of toleration called the Edict of Milan.


This edict of toleration did not apply to Christians who would not join his new imperial "Christianity."


This edict excluded many of the North African survivors of the persecution. Those surviving Christians referred to people who handed over the Scriptures as traditores (traitors) and insisted on their rebaptism.





Emperor Constantine (306-337).


Emperor Constantine presided over the Council of Nicea in 325.


He condemned the surviving Christians in North Africa because they refused to join his new "Christian" Roman Empire.


From then on, North African Christians were called DONATISTS after a popular Christian leader named Donatus.



Icon of the Council of Nicea.

The North African Christians were first condemned a the Council of Arles for rebaptizing those who handed over the Scriptures during the persecution.


Later they were also condemned by Emperor Constantine at the Council of Nicea.


Donatus Magnus (circa 273-355) was a GREAT Christian leader who ordered the rebaptism of traditores (traitors) who turned over the Holy Scriptures to the pagan magistrates. He was the Saint Martin Luther of North Africa:


Very little is known about this remarkable man, who in Africa came to hold a position not unlike that achieved by his contemporary, Athanasius, in Egypt. In Donatus' case the Catholic damnatio memoriae has been particularly effective. His literary works have not survived, we know little of his background, his personal appearance, his friendships, and his way of life., We do know that he was a great orator and leader of men; wherever he went the enthusiasm was such as to be remembered fifty years after his death. In an age when religious controversy took something of the place occupied by ideological conflict in providing an outlet for popular discontent, Donatus was a dominating figure. (Frend, The Donatist Church, pp. 153-154).


Many of the BISHOPS who attended the Council of Nicea were traditores and Donatus demanded that they be rebaptized before admittance to the Christian Congregation.


Constantine was FURIOUS that anybody would withstand him, and actually contemplated invading North Africa with his legions.


From then on, the Vatican referred to the Christians of North Africa as DONATISTS. We see this again at the time of the Reformation when the Reformed Christians were called LUTHERANS or Protestants instead of Catholic Christians.
Augustine was appointed bishop to destroy the North African Christians!!


Despite the terrible persecution under the Emperors, Christianity rapidly recovered in North Africa, so Augustine was appointed a bishop in Hippo Regius to fight them with pen and ink.


Augustine of Hippo Regius
(354 - 430).

Augustine was a bishop in Hippo Regius from 395 to 430.

A prolific writer, his main job was to convince the survivors of the Diocletian persecution to join the church of Rome.

He derisively referred to the North African Christians as DONATISTS.


Thagaste in present day Algeria was
the birthplace of Augustine.

Even though the North African Christians claimed to be the true Catholics, Augustine derisively referred to them as DONATISTS. Augustine had an intense HATRED for those uncompromising Christians who refused to join the Constantinean church:

Now let the proud and swelling necks of the heretics raise themselves, if they dare, against the holy humility of this address. Ye mad Donatists, whom we desire earnestly to return to the peace and unity of the holy Church, that ye may receive health therein, what have ye to say in answer to this? You are wont, indeed, to bring up against us the letters of Cyprian, his opinion, his Council; why do ye claim the authority of Cyprian for your schism, and reject his example when it makes for the peace of the Church? (Augustine, Against the Donatists, Book II, ch. III).

Every trick in the Roman arsenal was used to make the Christians conform but most of the them remained steadfast adherents of Apostolic Christianity.

Despite the multiplicity of words written against them, the Christians still held steadfast to the Scriptures and the Lord kept adding to his African Congregation.


Augustine's Confessions.

Augustine derisively referred to the North African Christians as DONATISTS.


Many of his writings are locked up in the secret archives of the Vatican.

He should be considered the real father of Islam.


Ruins of Hippo Regius.

Augustine was the most powerful and influential teacher of the Latin church. He was the originator of the Filioque and most of the false doctrines that emerged from that church can be traced right back to him.

Some of these false doctrines include: original sin, infant baptism, purgatory, clerical celibacy, predestination.

Augustine also laid the groundwork for the use of DISGUISED mercenaries in the age long Vatican war against the saints. Some of these DISGUISED mercenaries include:
Pope Gregory I sought Emperor Mauricius' help against the North African Christians

Despite all the efforts of Augustine, the Christian faith continued to grow and Pope Gregory I was alarmed at its increase.


Pope Gregory I (540-604).
Reigned from 590 to 604.

By the time of Pope Gregory I, the Christians of North Africa continued to multiply.

The Pope was ALARMED, and despite their bitter rivalry, he asked Emperor Mauricius for military help.




Coin of Emperor Mauricius (539-602).
Reigned from 582 to 602).

Here is a quote from The Donatist Church:

By 596 the situation had become even less favourable. A further letter from the pope to Columbus (not Christopher) repeats the story of the spread of Donatism, but in August Gregory wrote to the Emperor Mauricius himself. The Imperial commands against the Donatists were being disregarded 'by carelessness or connivance'. The bribes of the Donatists 'so prevail in the province that the Catholic Faith is publicly put up for sale'. The exarch, far from taking action himself, was complaining of bishops who brought these things to his notice. The emperor's personal assistance was requested, 'to issue strict orders for the punishment of the Donatists and to arrest with saving hand the fall of the perishing'. Whether this appeal was successful or not we do not know. Except for Bishop Paulus' repeated effort to have his case heard in Rome, there is no further literary record of Donatism. We are left with the impression of the movement resurgent and triumphant in southern Numidia, and then there is silence. (Frend, The Donatist Church, p. 312).

Old Rome saw the Christians of North Africa as a greater threat than the Eastern Empire in Constantinople.
The rise of Islam to destroy the North African Christians!!

By the year 600, the Lord's Congregation was triumphant over all her enemies. North Africa—comprising over 600 cities—was the richest part of the Roman Empire. The city of Rome itself was dependent on North Africa for her daily bread. With the rise of Islam, Europe became permanently separated from the Continent of Africa.


Muhammad (570-632).

Muhammad began his bloody career of conquest around the year 630.

Beginning around 660, his successors conquered Egypt and later invaded North Africa.

Millions died by the sword of Islam and the whole province became a wilderness.


The Arabs showed no mercy to the
Christians of North Africa.

After conquering all of North Africa, the Arabs crossed into Spain in 711. Their main target in Spain was the Goths, who baptized by triune immersion, and refused to join the church of Rome.



The Arabs destroyed true Christianity in North Africa.

The Arabs conquered all of North Africa and destroyed true Christianity.


In 711, the Arabs invaded Spain and
slaughtered the Christians.

In 711, they invaded Spain in order to destroy the Goths.

The Arabs stayed in Spain unto January 1492, when Portuguese Christopher Columbus was about to follow a map to the New World.


King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella.

The Moors surrendered to Ferdinand and Isabella in January 1492, after occupying Spain for 781 years!!

Portuguese Columbus sailed in August 1492.

The surrender of the Moors freed up the Spanish army for redeployment to the New World.



Surrender of Moors in January 1492.

This allowed for the redeployment of the Spanish army to the New World just in time to block the English, French and Dutch colonization.

In 674 the Arabs lay siege to Constantinople

Only 50 years after the founding of Islam by Mohammad, a huge Arab army . . . and NAVY . . . attacked Constantinople....Conquering Constantinople required a huge number of ships which you would not normally associate with desert dwellers.



Constantinople was surrounded on
3 sides by water.

Constantine had a fantastic eye for terrain.

Anybody attacking Constantinople would need a powerful land army and a well equipped NAVY.

The first besiegers were DESERT dwelling ARABS!!


A virtually impregnable city.

A knowledge of combined operations by land and sea was necessary for the conquest of Constantinople. Also a knowledge of siegecraft and the use of battering rams and powerful catapults.

It so happens that the first besiegers of Constantinople were DESERT DWELLING Arabs. The first siege began in 674 and lasted for 5 years. The Arab besiegers were almost completely annihilated by the Eastern Romans.



Muawiyah I (602-680) led the first Arab siege of Constantinople.

Caliph Muawiyah I surrounded Constantinople with a huge Arab army and navy.

Everybody associated the Arabs with the DESERT.

Mecca is in the DESERT of Saudi Arabia.

Old Rome was quickly turning these sand dwellers into sailors.



Emperor Constantine IV
(652-685).

Roman Emperor Constantine IV led the heroic defense of the city.

The Eastern Romans had a secret weapon called Greek Fire. It was somewhat like napalm and actually burned on the water. It was the ancient world's equivalent of the atomic bomb.



Greek Fire was hotter than the desert sun and scorched the Arab besiegers.

Greek Fire scorched the Muslim Papal mercenaries.


Greek Fire was a potent secret weapon of the
defenders of Constantinople.

The besiegers were barbecued with this Greek Fire:

The Saracen ships carried heavy siege engines and huge catapults; but the fortifications along the Marmara and the Golden Horn were proof against their assaults. The Byzantines, moreover, possessed a secret weapon. To this day we are uncertain of the composition of 'Greek fire'. Whether it was sprayed over an enemy vessel or poured into long, narrow cartridges and catapulted against its objective, the results were almost invariably catastrophic: the flaming, oil-based liquid floated upon the surface of the sea, frequently igniting the wooden hulls of the ships and causing an additional hazard to those who tried to jump overboard. For long the Muslims refused to admit defeat; only after the fifth year did the battered remnants of the Saracen fleet turn about and head for home. In 679 Muawiya sulkily accepted Constantine's offer of peace, which demanded the evacuation of the newly-conquered Aegean islands and an annual tribute. A year later he was dead. Constantine, on the other hand, was at the height of his popularity. He had inspired his subjects with the morale to withstand five years of siege by a power hitherto considered irresistible, and in doing so he had saved Western civilization. Had the Saracens captured Constantinople in the seventh century rather than the fifteenth, all Europe—and America—might be Muslim today. (Norwich, A Short History of Byzantium, p. 101.)

The siege turned out to be a total failure, with thousands of Arab casualties.
The 2nd Arab siege of Constantinople occurred in 717

The proud Arabs were very bitter about their failure to take Constantinople. The tried again in 717 with a new Caliph.



Caliph Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz
(682-720).

Caliph Umar II tried to revenge the disastrous defeat of the 1st siege of Constantinople.

Emperor Leo III led the heroic defense of the city.

This siege also turned into a disaster and the Arabs entered into a reluctant detente with the Roman Emperors.


Emperor Leo III (685-741).

Roman Emperor Leo III led the heroic defense of the city:

For forty years the setback at Constantinople rankled with the Umayyad caliphs in Damascus. It remained inconceivable within Islamic theology that the whole of humankind would not, in time, either accept Islam or submit to Muslim rule. In 717 a second and even more determined attempt was made to overcome the obstacle that hindered the spread of the Faith into Europe. The Arab attack came at a time of turmoil within the empire. A new emperor, Leo III, had been crowned on March 25, 717; five months later he found an army of 80,000 men dug in the length of the land walls and a fleet of 1,800 ships controlling the straits. The Arabs had advanced their strategy from the previous siege. It was quickly realized by the Muslim general Maslama that the walls of the city were invulnerable to siege machines; this time there was to be a total blockade. The seriousness of his intentions was underlined by the fact that his army brought wheat seed with them. In the autumn of 717 they plowed the ground and planted a food supply outside the walls for harvesting the following spring. Then they settled down to wait. A foray by the Greek fire ships had some success but failed to break the stranglehold. Everything had been carefully planned to crush the infidels. (Crowley, 1453: The Holy War for Constantinople and the Clash of Islam and the West. p. 13).

It seems that all of JEHOVAH's creation was at war with the Muslims because on their way home an undersea volcano erupted and a storm destroyed most of the fleet.
Constantinople finally fell to the Muslim Turks in 1453

Thanks to the Muslims, Old Rome was finally able to eliminate her Eastern rival in 1453. After fighting heroically for 1000 years, the Empire finally came to an end.

 
Constantine XI (1449- 1453).
Considered the last Roman Emperor.

The Latin church fought ferocious battles to overthrow the Eastern Roman Emperors.

Finally in 1453, they used the Ottoman Empire to conquer Constantinople.

After that defeat, the Orthodox church moved to Russia, and Moscow became known as the 3rd Rome.



Sultan Mehmet II (1449-1481). Conqueror of Constantinople.

Only the use of the new weapon of gunpowder cannon made the Muslim conquest of Constantinople successful.
Millions of Muslims are worshipping the Serpent Allah!!

The God of the universe is a Triune being composed of 3 divine persons: Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Never in the Bible does God ever call Himself by the name Allah.

God is called AHAYAH, I AM THAT I AM, but never is HE referred to by the name of ALLAH....The Hebrew and Arabic languages come from the same common root.


Mecca in Saudi Arabia.

Thanks to the Vatican, millions of Muslims worship the Serpent Allah.

Islam is the Western leg of the Roman Empire as foretold by Daniel the Prophet.


"Stoning the devil" in Saudi Arabia.

The rise of Islam was also predicted by a real Prophet named the Apostle John:

And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit.
And he opened the bottomless pit; and there arose a smoke out of the pit, as the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by reason of the smoke of the pit.
And there came out of the smoke locusts upon the earth: and unto them was given power, as the scorpions of the earth have power (Revelation 9:1-3).

The Messiah of Israel, Yashiya of Nazareth, gave this great promise to his chosen people:

Behold, I give unto you power to tread on serpents and on scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy: and nothing shall by any means hurt you (Luke 10:19).

Saturday, 18 May 2013

THE 10 LOST TRIBES OF ISRAEL


Many have speculated and wondered what happened to the other 10 Tribes of Israel in the Bible. It has been often speculated that the 10 tribes have been destroyed, or are in the “Spirit,” are of so-called African-American descent, or of so-called indigenous decent. After careful research and diligent study within the scriptures and history, we have concluded that the 10 Lost Tribes of Israel are of so-called Latino/Chicano and Indian descent. First, we must remember that the Tribes of Israel were doomed to be cursed for disobedience (Deuteronomy Chapter 28). While some have concluded that these curses applied to the so-called African-Americans only, historically and prophetically, we have found that the history of the so-called Latinos and Indians are indeed a part of the curses from our Father. We have a kindred spirit, history, and legacy that cannot be ignored. Utilizing the Bible, historical references and geography, we will attempt to prove that the so-called Latinos and Native Americans of indigenous decent are indeed part of the 12 Lost Tribes of Israel.

Deuteronomy 7:6: “ [6] For thou art an holy people unto the LORD thy God: the LORD thy God hath chosen thee to be a special people unto himself, abo ve all people that are upon the face of the earth . ”

The Lord declared that the legacy of His people was to be “special,” above all people upon the earth. When considering what the word special means, words such as peculiar, different, distinctive, separate and distinguished should come to mind. The Lord placed a spirit within our people that was to be distinctive and different from all the other Nations. This spirit would make the other nations envious of our talents, gifts and warrant praise for our abilities. The so-called Latinos and Native Americans of indigenous decent bear a spirit within them that is only comparable to the so-called African-American. Mentally, physically, and spiritually we have all endured a similar path in life that can only be understood when connected through the Bible. The Aztecs, Olmec, Toltec, Taino, Boriqua, Mayan, Cheerokee, Muskogee, Black Foot, Apache, just to name a few, all have distinctive histories, legacies, and a “special” spirit that can only come from The Most High. All have suffered massive destruction, their lands being stolen, slavery, oppression, robbery, rape, false treaties, deceit and other numerous heinous acts, yet all have endured and continue to thrive [Leviticusiticus 26:44-46]. One of the curses that befell the Tribes was a mass scattering and dispersion from Israel.

Deuteronomy 28:64 -66 : “And the LORD shall scatter thee among all people, from the one end of the earth even unto the other; and there thou shalt serve other gods, which neither thou nor thy fathers have known, eve n wood and stone. [65] And among these nations shalt thou find no ease, neither shall the sole of thy foot have rest: but the LORD shall give thee there a trembling heart, and failing of eyes, and sorrow of mind: [66] And thy life shall hang in doubt befor e thee; and thou shalt fear day and night, and shalt have none assurance of thy life: ”

We see that the Israelites were cursed and promised to be scattered throughout the world. So it’s important to understand that Israelites have been dispersed throughout the four corners of the globe including the western hemisphere in the land of the North! Why is the North reLeviticusant you may ask? One of the curses suffered during the scattering involved the serving of other gods, severe oppression from the nations where we were scattered, and a fearful mentality full of sorrow, depression and lack of faith. False gods worshipped by the so-called Latinos and Native Americans included among the Aztecs the double headed serpent, Centeotl (the corn god), Chalchiuhtlicue the goddess of lakes and streams and hundreds of others. Among some of the Native Americans gods are the Spider Woman (Hopi), The Great Spirit, Mother Earth, Totem Poles (The Pacific Northwest Tribes), Selu (Corn Goddess of the Cheerokee) and countless others.

Exodus 20:3 -6: “[3] Thou shalt have no other gods before me. [4] Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: [5] Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; [6] And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.”

By worshipping these other gods, our people have broken one of the principle commandments of The Most High! This is why the curses cleave to the indigenous peoples of the North, South, Central America, the South Pacific and Caribbean Islands. Also reLeviticusant to the “north country” is the fact that the historical legacy of a large majority of these tribes is tied in with the Americas. All were conquered by either the British, Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch or the French. There is no coincidence of why all the Native American tribes have been conquered and relegated to living on reservations when once they were rulers of the plains and the vast landscapes of America.

It was no coincidence that the Aztec, Mayan, and Inca empires were overthrown, lands stolen, and people massacred. Similar to their aforementioned brethren the Taino, Arawak, and Boriqua Indians went through the same devastations at the hands of the same enemy. Even as it is this day the curses of Deuteronomy 28 have a strong hold on our people. Our people live in the projects, barrios, and ghettos (Deuteronomy 28:16), we are plagued with domestic violence, single parent households, and inter-tribal warfare (Deuteronomy 28:54), high adoption rates, high populations in juvenile detention centers and day cares (Deuteronomy 28:32), laboring in the fields and lands for fruits, vegetables, and tobacco and not reaping the rewards (Deuteronomy 28:33), auctioned slaves, highest population of Latino and Black prisoners (Deuteronomy 28:41), food, clothing and shelter must be bought from our enemies -- Ralphs, Vallarta, El Super, Costco, Food 4 Less, Walmart, the malls, fast food, Sparkletts, Arrowhead (Deuteronomy 28:48).

One key curse that too many choose to forget even Latinos and Native Americans is their history of slavery. Yes, Latino and Native Americans were also transported as slaves throughout the Americas, back to Spain, Portugal and Britain by way of ship. Ships like the Seaflower and others were used to transport Native American slaves. The Spaniards often took slaves from Mexico, Central and South America back to Spain, made them servants and brainwashed them with Catholic doctrine. Scenes of this history can be seen in the Showtime special The Borgias, and books like Squanto.



Deuteronomy 28:68: “And the LORD shall bring thee into Egypt again with ships, by the way whereof I spake unto thee, Thou shalt see it no more aga in: and there ye shall be sold unto your enemies for bondmen and bondwomen, and no man shall buy you. ”


In this scripture, it is clear to see a vital curse in the understanding of our scattering. The Lord declared that the Children of Israel would go back into captivity (Egypt) again with ships! Why again? Because we just left bondage in Egypt, he prophesied that we would go into bondage again but this time by ship! No other nation of people share this distinct history besides the so-called African-Americans, Latinos and Native Americans. When the ships docked in the Caribbean, the East coast of Brazil, the Island of Hispaniola, Cuba, Spain, and Portugal, we were auctioned off as slave men and women and no man would buy (redeem) us from this curse because remember The Lord did this to us!

Another point to understand is that the Jews were, and still are a people of color!

Jeremiah 14:2: “Judah mourneth, and the gates thereof languish; they are black unto the ground; and the cry of J erusalem is gone up. ”

Judah is the head tribe of Israel. Judah also is where the term Jew comes from. The scriptures are pointing out a time when our people were mourning due to famine and despair, the gates (leaders, priests, pastors) are languishing meaning grown weak and they are unable to protect or defend our people just like today. The Bible says that the Jews are black (not only in a mourning state, but to also be dark in complexion) and that’s why the ground was used to compare the color of our skin to the different shades of brown in the earth! The earth wasn’t being used in reference to an emotion or feeling, but rather the shades of the soil from a light sand color to a deep dark chocolate brown. The Israelites are different shades of brown and have never been pale (Isaiah 29:22). Many other scriptures show the color of our people (Exodus 4:5-7, Revelation 1:13-15, Job 30:30, Lamentations 4:8, Lamentations 5:10, and Acts 13:1).

A key point to understand is that the 10 Tribes of Israel were notorious for idol worship and breaking the commandments of The Most High.


Judge 3:1 -7: “[1] Now these are the nations which the LORD left, to prove Israel by them, even as many of Israel as had not known all the wars of Canaan; [2] Only that the generations of the children of Israel might know, to teach them war, at the least such as before knew nothing thereof; [3] Namely, five lords of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Sidonians, and the Hivites that dwe lt in mount Lebanon, from mount Baal -hermon unto the entering in of Hamath. [4] And they were to prove Israel by them, to know whether they would hearken unto the commandments of the LORD, which he commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses. [5] And the children of Israel dwelt among the Canaanites, Hittites, and Amorites, and Perizzites, and Hivites, and Jebusites: [6] And they took their daughters to be their wives, and gave their daughters to their sons, and served their gods. [7] And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and forgat the LORD their God, and served Baalim and the groves. ”

The Lord placed us in the midst of one of our mortal enemies the Canaanites (Africans) to prove us in war and in our diligence in serving the Most High. We failed and dwelt among them learning their wicked practices and took to their customs rather than keeping the laws (Proverbs 12:26). The Aztecs learned of the wicked human sacrifices and cannibalism from the Canaanites. (Psalms 106:34-38; Hoses 8:13). Such acts lead us back into captivity and cause for the great civilizations of the Aztecs, Mayans, Incas, Olmecs, and Toltecs to be destroyed. The drinking of blood was against the laws of The Most High (Leviticusiticus 19:26), something our people also did and do unto this day.

All things, however, were not negative. There as there were many things that the Native Americans and indigenous Latinos did which adhere to the laws of The Most High. These things were done because as Israelites we are prone to keep the law naturally (II Esdras 3:36). Many Native American tribes like the Choctaw, Chicasaw, and Cheerokee didn’t make baldness upon their heads (Leviticus 19:27, Leviticus 21:5). The Choctaw typically didn’t eat swine (Leviticus 11:6), many of the tribes had a form of
“first fruit” offering dedicated to The Most High (Leviticus 23:10-22).

Many Indian tribes had Green Corn Festivals, Brush Feast Festivals, they kept the custom of offerings (an Israelite custom of sacrifice), the wearing of fringes on their garments (Numbers 15:37-41), were mighty men of war (I Chronicles 7:1, 4; I Chronicles 12:25, 30, 33; I Chronicles 5:18). The so-called Latinos and Native Americans have a rich history of being warriors, honourable, defenders and skillful tacticians. Many other laws were also customarily kept by so-called Latino and Native Americans of indigenous decent simply because of our nature (spirit). The Lord told us that we’d always have a zeal for him, but without knowledge (Romans 10:2).

Another key factor which shows the cultural comparisons of the so-called indigenous people of the western hemisphere and the children of Israel was their architectural knowledge. The pyramids found in places like Tikal, Macchu Picchu, Chichen Itza, Chopan, Monte Alban and many others can only be compared in greatness to the pyramid structures found in Egypt! The same place where the children of Israel constructed these archeological wonders (Exodus 1:11; I Maccabees 13:29-30; Hosea 8:13). Although the so-called Latino and Indigenous peoples of the west possessed an architectural knowledge unlike any other nation, they still could not stop their demise. Our downfall is attributed to having a lack of knowledge (Hosea 4:6). Now let’s look at the historical dispersion of our people.

DISPERSION: The question as to how did the 10 Tribes (So-called Latinos, and Native Americans of indigenous decent) came to the Americas.
Many scientists have come to the conclusion that our people migrated from the East by crossing the Bering Strait. Scientists believe the Bering Strait was like a bridge connecting Russia with Canada, in which the so-called indigenous people walked across this bridge of ice into Canada and later into America. This is a foolish theory and will be disproved with the Bible. The only thing that the scientists had correct is that the so-called indigenous peoples came from the East. We must also understand the history of our people. As stated previously, transgression is what led to our downfall and the curses overtaking the lives of the 12 Tribes of Israel. Approximately in the year 933 B.C. the Nation of Israel was divided into two kingdoms –Southern and Northern. The Southern Region was controlled by the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, while the remaining 10 Tribes controlled the Northern half of Israel. The Northern Kingdom of 10 Tribes continued to break numerous laws of the Lord including idol worship:


I Kings 12:26 -33: “[26] And Jeroboam said in his heart, Now shall the kingdom return to the house of David: [27] If this people go up to do sacrifice in the house of the LORD at Jerusalem, then shall the heart of this people turn again unto their lord, even unto Rehoboam king of Judah, and they shall kill me, and go again to Rehoboam king of Judah. [28] Whereupon the king took counsel, and made two calves of gold, and said unto them, It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem: behold thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the la nd of Egypt. [29] And he set the one in Bethel, and the other put he in Dan. [30] And this thing became a sin: for the people went to worship before the one, even unto Dan . [31] And he made an house of high places, and made priests of the lowest of the peo ple, which were not of the sons of Leviticus. [32] And Jeroboam ordained a feast in the eighth month, on the fifteenth day of the month, like unto the feast that is in Judah, and he offered upon the altar. So did he in Bethel, sacrificing unto the calves that he had made: and he placed in Bethel the priests of the high places which he had made. [33] So he offered upon the altar which he had made in Bethel the fifteenth day of the eighth month, even in the month which he had devised of his own heart; and ordained a feast unto the children of Israel: and he offered upon the altar, and burnt incense.”


The 10 Tribes had a king, Jeroboam, whom committed high acts of wickedness and helped Israel sin by allowing idol worship, and disrespected the lineage of the priesthood. All of the subsequent Kings of the North followed suit and created an unjust and wicked Kingdom, bound for judgement  Nineteen kings in total ruled the Northern Kingdom of Israel, all in wickedness. The judgement of The Most High happened approximately 722 B.C. when the Assyrian King Shalmaneser took down the children of Israel in the Northern Kingdom and put them in captivity (II Kings 17:1-6; 21:-41). One hundred thirty four (134) years later, approximately 586 B.C., the Southern Kingdom of Israel later fell to the Babylonians. A key point that should be understood before we continue is that Israel was no stranger to sailing the seas. In fact King Solomon had a navy of ships that sailed yearly bringing back treasured victuals from throughout the known world:


I Kings 9:26 -28: “[26] And king Solomon made a navy of ships in Ezion -geber, which is beside Eloth, on the shore of the Red sea, in the land of Edom. [27] And Hiram sent in the navy his servants, shipmen that had knowledge of t he sea, with the servants of Solomon . [28] And they came to Ophir, and fetched from thence gold, four hundred and twenty talents, and brought it to king Solomon . ”


The scriptures tell us also that the Tribe of Dan were known seamen (Judges 5:17). So knowing the fact that Israelites have been known to be master travellers by way of ship, let’s examine the scriptures regarding the departure of the 10 Tribes from Israel after their Assyrian captivity had been accomplished:

II Esdras 13:40 -46: [40] “Those are the ten tribes, which were carried away prisoners out of their own land in the time of Osea the king, whom Salmanasar the king of Assyria led away captive, and he carried them over the waters, and so came they into another land. [41] But they took this counsel among themselves, that they would leave the multitude of the heathen, and go forth into a further country, where never mankind dwelt, [42] That they might there keep their statutes, which they never kept in their own land. [43] And they entered into Euphrates by the narrow places of the river. [44] For the most High then shewed signs for them, and held still the flood, till they were passed over. [45] For through that country there was a great way to go, namely, of a year and a h alf: and the same region is called Arsareth. [46] Then dwelt they there until the latter time; and now when they shall begin to come.”

In this scripture, we see that the 10 Tribes had sought repentance and thought to keep the laws in the new land in which they would travel to. The land Arsareth was a land that mankind never dwelt that took a year and a half to travel to. During King Solomon’s reign, his navy would take journeys every three years bringing back gold, silver, apes and peacocks and ivory. Now, if you do the math, the journey the 10 Tribes set out on would take a year and a half, Solomon’s navy’s journeys took three years. So, obviously they were going round trip – a year and a half of going and then returning. Ancient America was known to be a place thriving with these resources. That’s why the Spanish Conquistadors sought after South and Central America so hard because of the “cities of gold.” It may be true that this land was not occupied by mankind, however, it had been traveled to!


Leaving from the Euphrates, the 10 Tribes travelled east crossing other lands known to have peacocks and apes in the region of South east Asia. It is evident to see how


Solomon’s navy gained access to such items of wealth and prestige. This is why the 10 Tribes of Israel were familiar with this route. Their year and a half journey would land them on the western shores of South America, the lands of Central America, Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, the Island of Hispaniola and lastly the Americas. Many historical books can account for this history in which scholars and explorers agree and have documented that the 10 Lost Tribes of Israel are indeed of Latino, Native American and Indigenous decent. Books of reference to check out are “The History of the American Indians” by James Adair, “The Aztecs” by Richard Townsend, and “Lost Tribes and Promised Lands” by Ronald Sanders. There are many others, but these should be sufficient to start your journey of understanding.

In conclusion, it is vital that we research our true history (Job 8:8). Job advised that even though he was perfect, if he didn't know himself (history, nationality, culture), he would despise his life! (Job 9:21). Knowing the so-called white man has gained control and influence upon the world, (Job 9:24), it is important to realize he has changed history, artwork, destroyed records and books. Yet, the one thing that he couldn't change is the spirit within the chosen people of The Most High! The Apostle Paul made it clear in our determination of who the children of Israel are:

Romans 8:16 “The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the children of God:”


We understand that the spirit of an individual is going to dictate their path and testify to the testimony of the 12 Lost Tribes of Israel. Paul advised not to chase after or be overly concerned with endless genealogies (1 Timothy 1:4). Allow the Spirit of Faith to play a part so the fullness of Christ can be made manifest. It’s important to know your historical background as best you can, but what if someone is adopted and doesn't know their father? It is for this very reason why 1 Timothy 4:1 is pertinent. Joining ancestry.com or any of these other DNA proving sites can’t be trusted and removes the Faith of Christ out the picture. If we stick to the prophecies, the judgements  the history of the scriptures, along with our cultural history, we can’t go wrong in Christ!